If your heating and cooling system in your house is on its last leg, you will have some big decisions to make in the near future. The main decision is what type of heating and cooling system should you replace it with. While there are options, one choice you should consider is a geothermal heat pump system. Geothermal systems are costlier upfront, however they offer so many benefits over alternative options.
Geothermal Energy Is a Renewable Resource
The first thing you should realize is that geothermal systems provide heating and cooling to a home, and these systems operate on electricity. The difference between geothermal systems and other options is the way the heat and cold air is produced. With a forced air system, a furnace takes cold air and heats it by using gas or electricity. With a geothermal system, heat is pulled from the ground, which makes the heat a renewable resource.
The way it works is quite simple. A geothermal system has a loop of pipes in the ground. The pipes are filled with water, and the purpose of the loop is to allow the water to heat up from the natural heat in the ground. In most areas, the ground where the loop is will be at a constant temperature of between 50 degrees to 60 degrees—all year round.
During the winter, heat is created by extracting heat out of the water from the ground. In other words, your system will heat air that is already between 50 degrees to 60 degrees, instead of heating air that might be 10 degrees in the dead of winter.
In the summer, the system has the opposite effect. The water in the loop is cooled from the temperature of the ground. The system then extracts the coldness from the water when the AC is on.
The temperature of the ground will never change, which is why geothermal energy is considered a renewable resource. If you are looking for a system that is environmentally friendly, this is the type of system to consider getting.
Geothermal Systems Are More Cost Effective
If you consider the difference in energy usage between cooling air that is 60 degrees versus air that is 90 degrees, you may be able to understand how and why geothermal systems offer a more cost-effective way to heat and cool a home.
According to research, the average home will have energy bills that are 30% to 60% less in the winter with a geothermal system. In the summer, the energy savings are usually around 20% to 50%. Imagine being able to get a system that would result in energy bills that are approximately half of what you are paying now with your current system.
As you can imagine, getting these types of reductions in energy costs has a price. To get a new geothermal system, you will not only need to purchase the system, but you will also have to get a loop installed in your ground. You may also need to get ductwork installed in your home.
Geothermal systems use ductwork and registers to distribute the heat. Therefore, if your current system does not have ducts, you will need to get them. In all, it may cost $16,000 to $30,000 to get a geothermal system installed in your home. This is roughly $10,000 more than you might pay for a different type of system.
Geothermal systems offer a variety of other benefits too, and you can learn more about these by contacting a company that offers heating and cooling services. Geothermal systems are not the best option for all homeowners, but this type of system might be right for you.